Tetanus is introduced into the body through a puncture wound such as a laceration, burn or scratch. Tetanus is caused by a toxin produced by bacteria called Clostridium tetani and is present as spores in soil and manure. Tetanus spores are found throughout the world. Vaccination is recommended at least every 10 years.
All travellers should be aware of the risk of accidents, thoroughly clean all wounds and seek appropriate medical attention.
*Vaccine most effective if given time to become active. Some immunity will be provided for this vaccine if given up to the day before travel.
**Children who have have already been immunised with the NHS childhood vaccination program